These incredible designs were developed for aircraft that either never came to be, can’t yet be built, or don’t have any particular use.
But they do make for some fascinating photographs, illustrations and ideas.
Built in 1979, the NASA AD-1 proved that the wings of an aircraft could pivot quite dramatically without losing any of the planes’ stability.
The Stipa-Caproni was built in the 1930’s, with the propeller contained entirely within the fuselage. Although never put onto the production line, the aircraft worked and lead to the development of the jet engine.
The Nemuth Parasol was built by students of Miami University to prove that even a circular wing could keep an aircraft in flight.
The Vought V-173 was an experimental place developed by the US. It was able to fly exceptionally slowly.
The 281 Proteus was designed to be as efficient as possible in order to stay in the air as long as possible. This allowed the aircraft to act as telecommunication relays, though they later became obsolete with the development of unmanned aircraft.
The Blohm & Voss BV 141 was a German tactical aeroplane, notable for its asymmetry.
The Grumman X-29 was notable for its wings – which are attached to the body of the aircraft at the opposite angle to usual jet planes.
Designed for high speed, the Douglas XB-42 Mixmaster bomber placed propellers at the back of the plane to reduce drag effects.
The Sikorsky X-Wing aimed to combine the vertical lift of a helicopter with the forward speed of a jet plane. The project was dropped in 1988.
These blended wing planes where developed by Boeing, and were used to persuade NASA to arrange a contract with Boeing.
The Lockheed-Martin P-791 was designed to combine buoyancy with aerodynamic propulsion, allowing it to shift heavy cargo loads quickly.
The Russian Beriev Be-200 was a short-lived amphibious aircraft on a huge scale.
The White Knight Two is designed to carry spacecraft between the two fuselages and ferry them to the very edge of the Earth’s atmosphere.
The McDonnell XF-85 Goblin was a ‘parasite fighter’ that was meant to be deployed from the bomb bay of a larger plane.
Nasa’s Super Guppy plane was designed to haul oversized cargo.
The ‘Pregnant Guppy’ was the Super Guppy’s predecessor.
The hulking Bartini Beriev VVA-14 was a soviet plane that employed vertical take-off.
The Avro Canada VZ-9 Avrocar was developed by the US during the cold war in secrecy. The aircraft would have looked very much like a flying saucer, though it had severe overheating problems that prevented its practicality.
The Snecma Flying Coleoptere was a French experimental aircraft that could take of and land vertically, removing the need for a runway.
The De Lackner HZ-1 Aerocycle was designed to take a single soldier into difficult-to-reach areas for reconnaissance missions.
The Puffin was designed by Nasa to carry a single pilot.
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15 of the best George Morris Quotes
The best utterings of renowned coach and trainer George Morris:
– Distances are like men. Never take the first one you see, there will always be another one.
– Impulsion does not mean running forward. Impulsion means thinking forward.
– One you see a distance, I want you obsessive with straightness. If the horse drifts, he loses power and doesn’t use himself.
– Accuracy is better than speed.
– Every second, you’re either schooling or un-schooling your horse. There is no in-between.
– Don’t copy the people you ride against. You have to do better.
– Dressage is the basis. If there’s something off here, there will be something off with the jumping.
– I didn’t have talent, but I had great ambition. I still have ambition.
– It’s all about the horse and that’s it.
– It’s about the horse, how to care for the horse, how to ride the horse and how to look after this great animal – the horse.
– At first everything is hard, then it becomes easier, then habitual, and only now does it have a chance to become beautiful.
– Precision, repeat something over and over again, that’s how you get the precision habit. Some people think it’s boring. I don’t.
– This is not rocket science. You don’t have to reinvent the space shuttle, keep it simple.
– You will be rewarded for brilliance. Not reckless brilliance, but natural brilliance. Don’t be sheep.
– Function equals form and form equals function.
To find out how much an indoor arena costs in Australia, read our article.