Flying has always been an aspiration of the human race since the beginning of time. Throughout the ages, through trial and error we got there and continue to improve in the aviation industry currently. Here are some of the highlights of the history in flying throughout time.
The beginning of flight history in most peoples opinions is the Wright brothers flight. However, it was in the year of 1853 that for the first time a human ever left the ground in some kind of flying apparatus. The hang glider was designed by Sir George Cayley in Great Britain. Gliders continued to be worked on over the nineteenth century, and these findings influenced the the Wright brothers when designing their aircraft.
The Wright Brothers
50 years later the first successful aircraft was designed and flew by the Orville and Wilbur Wright. Many others at this time were on a race to do achieve the same thing, but these two mechanics from Ohio beat them to it. Their first flight occurred on the 17th of December 1903 in North Carolina, lasting 12 seconds and covering 120 feet.
After 1903 the aircraft developed rapidly. More inventors begun taking an interest in flying and the aircraft’s became larger and better-controlled. Audacious flying goals were made, however not many were met. One of these goals was to make a transatlantic flight from United States to Europe. This was accomplished by a navy aircraft in 1919, with only one out of three aircraft’s leaving the US making it to the UK.
The most well known transatlantic flight in history is when Charles Lindbergh flew in his aircraft named The Spirit of Saint Louis from New Jersey to Paris in May 1927.
As airplanes became fashionable being such an exciting form of new technology, everybody soon wanted to fly in one. Due to this commercial airlines were created. The first airline formed was in 1913 and flew between St Petersburg and Tampa, Florida. This airline only lasted in business for one year, yet it was a milestone in the history of flight triggered the formation of dozens more airlines in the coming years.
An exciting aviation goal was to achieve supersonic flight. Charles Yeager was the first to achieve such a flight in 1947 in an experimental plane. Future research being put into supersonic flight lead to the development of aircraft’s such as the passenger plane The Concord and the military reconnaissance plane named the Blackbird SR-71.
10 of the Most Beautiful Artistic Horse Photos
We all love the contours and shapes of a horse’s body. There’s something in the weight of their muscles that makes a horse impressive.
There’s something in their eyes and their faces that show an emotional animal capable of far more than the average person gives them credit for.
Below are some of the most amazing photographs of horses:
READ MORE: 8 Fictional Horses You Wished You Owned
READ MORE: How Much Does An Indoor Cost To Build?
Shearing Shed Designs
A Shearing shed needs to be carefully designed in order that the jobs needed to be performed during the shearing process are easy to perform in the shed. Other important parts of the design include thinking about entry and exits for the sheep and how easy the shed will be to clean once the job is done. Here are a few different designs of the shearing shed that have been popular over time.
Traditionally shearing sheds have been designed around two different board designs. These are the center-board and the across board.
a center-board shearing shed is designed so the shearer will take the sheep from a pen outside the shed straight onto the board. Once the sheep is shorn, it will be let out through a race or chute. This design offers a range of benefits as the distance the sheep has to be taken from the pen is reduced resulting also in less interference between shearers and shed workers.
Using this design means that the shearer will catch the sheep from a pen opposite the shearing stand and will take the sheep ‘across-the-board’ to the shearing position. The sheep will leave the shed behind the stand, leaving the board on the opposite side to the catching pen. This design results in congestion of workers within the shed as they will be constantly crossing paths.
Raised Shearing Board
This design reduces interference between all the parties in the shearing shed as it simplifies the process. The design allows for safety of the shearer as well as making it easier for workers when picking up fleeces.
There are several variations of this design as it can be built in a straight line or curved design as well as being suited to U or L shapes.
The raised board design allows for the option of whether to make the wool room at ground level. By doing this under-floor storage is lost and bales will need to be lifted when loading them. However a ground level shed can be used for other purposes such as machinery storage through other seasons.
Curved Shearing Board
This design can be used for both conventional and raised board sheds. The curved board makes the catching process easier and there is a reduced walking distance for shed workers carrying shorn fleeces to the wool table or press.
If you are using front fill catching pens, this design is recommended to be the most efficient.
Internal Shearing Shed Systems
Let-go Systems- The aim of this system is to move the shorn sheep off the shearing board quickly without hassles. Most versions of this system will hold the sheep from each shearing stand separate until they are counted out.
Chutes- These are constructed from timber or galvanized steel. Sheep are released underneath the shed through a sliding chute.
By receding the shoot into the shearing board the sheep are more easily dropped out via the chute.
Internal Races are popular in colder places as droughts will become less of an issue. The flow of woolly sheep can be hindered if the race running along the shed behind the filling pens and exit doors are not planned carefully.