How To Calm A Skittish Horse
Easy-to-frighten horses are skittish and can be difficult to work with. But if something in the environment is scaring your horse, there are ways to help your horse be more calm.
Researchers tested three different methods to find out which was the most effective.
The Fear Stimulus: A white nylon bag.
This research used a white nylon bag that was able to be moved along a line. This was found to be universally uncomfortable for horses, and provided a good test stimulus.
The Habituation Method
Horses were exposed to the nylon bag repeatedly until they had become more calm.
The Desensitization Method
Horses were gradually exposed to the nylon bag. The first stage was much less intense than later stages and horses only moved onto the next stage when they were totally comfortable with the current stage.
The Counter-Conditioning Method
Horses were given food rewards every time the nylon bag appeared. This intends to build up a positive association that overcomes the negative association of the fear response.
Most effective method: Desensitization
The desensitisation method was the only method that worked for all participating horses. It was the most effective, longest-lasting and fastest process.
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8 of the strongest buildings ever built
The Public Safety Building
This building, in Salt Lake City, houses police, fire and emergency services. It has been built to withstand even the most extreme earthquakes without suffering any damage and remaining operational.
These temples, built thousands of years ago, somehow manage to withstand earthquakes as newer, presumably more advanced buildings fall to the ground.
How do they do it? It was recently discovered that a combination of heated lime and sticky rice is used as mortar, which has proven nearly indestructible.
The tallest building in China, the Shanghai tower’s twisting design allows it to reduce the friction of wind by 24%. It’s also made with less structural steel that other towers of comparable size.
Built by two architects, this dome-shaped house has already survived 4 hurricanes. The heavy concrete, combined with steel foundations, keep this building in place under the harshest weather conditions.
Cheyenne Mountain Complex.
Perhaps difficult to call a building, this complex was build by the USA during the cold war to monitor airspace. It’s buried deep into the mountain, making use of nature as fortification.
Build after World War I, Fort Knox is the most famous of all strong buildings. It has since been used to store the United States bullion depository, for which it is most well known.
One World Trade Centre.
Built on the site of the original twin towers, the One World Trade Centre is ‘the strongest office building’ ever built. It makes use of a heavy concrete foundation and heavily protected, reinforced concrete walls protecting emergency access routes.
The largest underground structure in Europe, this airbase monitored airspace. It was overrun during the Yugoslav wars, and dangerous traps were laid to prevent its future use.
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