Easy-to-frighten horses are skittish and can be difficult to work with. But if something in the environment is scaring your horse, there are ways to help your horse be more calm.
Researchers tested three different methods to find out which was the most effective.
The Fear Stimulus: A white nylon bag.
This research used a white nylon bag that was able to be moved along a line. This was found to be universally uncomfortable for horses, and provided a good test stimulus.
The Habituation Method
Horses were exposed to the nylon bag repeatedly until they had become more calm.
The Desensitization Method
Horses were gradually exposed to the nylon bag. The first stage was much less intense than later stages and horses only moved onto the next stage when they were totally comfortable with the current stage.
The Counter-Conditioning Method
Horses were given food rewards every time the nylon bag appeared. This intends to build up a positive association that overcomes the negative association of the fear response.
Most effective method: Desensitization
The desensitisation method was the only method that worked for all participating horses. It was the most effective, longest-lasting and fastest process.
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Tommy Woodcock & Pharlap
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Ten of the most beautiful university buildings in the world
1. FPT University, Vietnam.
An incredible building that is as much plant as it is stone, this university almost looks like it’s been taken over by trees.
The balconies are designed to give light to plants which will eventually grow into the building.
2. Sydney University Business School.
Designed by the controversial architect Frank Gehry, this building is affectionately nicknamed the ‘Crumpled Paper Bag’. The building characteristically plays with form and expectation.
3. The United States Airforce Academy.
The building itself is reminiscent of the functional, streamlined airplanes the cadets learn to fly inside & the repeating pattern calls to mind entire fleets and the collective force of the US airforce.
4. The Library of the University of Mexico.
This incredible building is fascinating to anyone who sees it. Decorated in intricate, native designs, the building is an art piece that connects its inhabitants to their history.
5. Tokyo Mode Gakuen Building.
Nicknamed ‘The Giant Cacoon’ for obvious reasons, this building was the winner of a contest that asked for building designs that were not rectangular.
6. The New School, New York.
Balancing the requirements of modern architecture with the class of Manhattan, this building manages to be new yet sophisticated. Digital-inspired, but respectful of its context.
7. School of art, design and media, Singapore.
This environmentally-friendly building reduces its footprint in more ways than one, blending into its surround and encouraging people to make use of the green space it offers.
8. Art museum, University of Minnesota.
Another twisted wreckage by Frank Gehry, this museum is as disjointed and incoherent as the collection of artefacts housed inside.
9. The entire campus of the Colorado Boulder University.
Nestled into the mountain ranges of Colorado, this beautiful campus has a coherence that makes it feel like one big village.
10. Cambridge University’s Faculty of History.
A masterwork of modernism, the sleek, factory-like design of this building makes it one of the best examples of modern, minimalist architecture.
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